The environmental movement and the forest industry sometimes have different views on how much forest is already protected. In Agenda, we choose to use the statistical authority SCB: s statistics, where 6 percent of the so-called productive forest land is counted as formally protected, including through nature reserves or so-called biotope protection areas. Productive forest land can supply at least one cubic meter of wood per year and hectare.
In addition, we mention that another 5 percent of the productive forest according to Statistics Sweden is protected by forest owners voluntarily making provisions. This forest is not formally protected, and the forest owner can withdraw the protection. The figure shows how forest owners take responsibility for protecting natural values, which is interesting because the Forest Inquiry wants the protection of the forest to be based to a greater extent on volunteering in the future. In addition to this, an additional 2 percent of the productive forest is protected by setting aside consideration areas, ie smaller groups of trees that are left behind after felling. We do not report that figure in the program.
If you also count unproductive forest land, such as bogs and mountains, the proportion of formally protected forest increases to 9 percent. We choose not to use that figure, because unproductive forest land has a low commercial value and is not felled. The forest industry believes that it is most correct to say that approximately 25 percent of all Swedish forests are protected. This compilation is not used by Statistics Sweden, and is based on counting all unproductive forest land as protected.
In the environmental movement, some believe that the figure of 6 percent formally protected productive forest gives an incorrect picture of the situation for the forest in general. As forests close to the mountains are largely protected, 3.5 per cent of the productive forests in the rest of the country are formally protected. We do not include that figure in the program either.
Source site www.svt.se