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Spain battles in the EU to extend cooperation and security projects in the Sahel


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Espaa maintains negotiations within the EU to prolong cooperation projects with the Sahel, financed under the umbrella of Trust Fund for Africa. The completion in 2020 of this emergency economic instrument, more flexible and faster, now requires fitting them into the new financial framework. With the budget plan 2021-2027 just approved, Brussels is not in favor of keeping additional funds.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is now fighting the technical battle

to adapt these projects to the Community budget items. Approved in

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2015

at the top of

Valletta

, the Trust Fund for Africa was the agreed mechanism for dealing with

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migratory flows

origin and contribute to the stability of the Sahel regions, the lake basin

Chad

, the north and the so-called horn of the continent. Projects like the one that manages the

Civil Guard

,

GAR-SI Sahel

, to create and train

Rapid Action Surveillance and Intervention Groups

in

Mauritania

,

Times

,

Nger

,

Burkina Faso

and

Chad

, are linked to this fund and now we are working to give them continuity. But it is only a minimal example of the foreign action that Spain develops in the Sahel. Since the crisis of the cayucos in

2006

, the

concern

of Spain by

fear

It has not stopped growing, from the conviction that only with the stabilization of the continent is it possible to face irregular migration. And, unlike the position of other countries, the intervention cannot be solely military, despite the fact that it is precisely in the Sahel the area of ​​the world where the action of the ministries of government is most closely linked.

Exteriors

, from

Defending

and even of

Interior.

This region of sub-Saharan Africa, known to NGOs as the hunger belt, runs from the Atlantic coast to the

Red Sea

and includes 11 countries (southern

Mauritania

,

Senegal

, Mal, Burkina Faso, Niger, northern

Nigeria

and

Camern

, Chad,

Sudn

and

Eritrea

), added to the lack of development, extreme poverty, climatic difficulties and the weakness of their governments, the proliferation of groups

jihadists

from

Syria

e

Iraq

. There terrorists have found refuge who follow the slogans of

Al Qaeda

and from

Daesh

, which, divided into several groups, have turned the Sahel into an ungovernable territory, in which links have been established between terrorism and organized crime of trafficking in human beings, where Europe and Spain risk their security, without their citizens just be aware of it. Our backyard, according to the jargon used in Defense, or the neighbors of our neighbors, who usually use in the Foreign, which has been positioned as a priority geostrategic area for the Government. Spain now deploys an undistinguished attention there, Foreign sources point out, which confirms the multiple trips of the minister

Arancha Gonzlez Laya

since his takeover, despite the halt that the confinement entailed. In 2020, Mauritania,

Algeria

, Niger, Chad,

Egypt

, Mal, Burkina Faso, Senegal and in February 2021, again Chad. Something unusual, they underline, in the Spanish foreign action, which is completed with the participation in the civil and military missions of the EU – this year it has increased to

530

the military personnel of the

Training Mission

in Mali- and of the

HIM-HER-IT

and logistical support for the French military deployment in the area. In addition, since June Gonzlez Laya has held the presidency of the

General Assembly of the Alliance for the Sahel

, which coordinates development funds. An intensification of the Spanish presence that attests to the concern about the extension of the networks

jihadists

throughout the Sahel, the fanaticism of the young population, the possible contagion to more countries – as is already happening – and the lack of control of irregular immigration in very fragile states. According to statements by the president himself,

Pedro Sanchez

, who travels to Angola and Senegal in April, within the framework of the plan

Africa forum 23

, which is presented tomorrow, is at stake the security to the north and south of the Mediterranean and even beyond, since the risk of spreading this threat to the countries of the

Gulf of Guinea

it is becoming more and more real.

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Source site www.elmundo.es

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