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Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune demanded, Friday, "all the light" on the missing during the War of Independence (1954-1962) and compensation for victims of French nuclear tests in the 1960s. </p><div> <p>"The effort continues to shed light on the fate of the disappeared during our war of liberation and for the compensation of victims of nuclear tests," wrote Abdelmadjid Tebboune, Friday March 19, in a message on the occasion of the feast of Victory. This date marks the anniversary of the cease-fire on March 19, 1962 after an almost eight-year war of independence with France.
These events “do not erase the history of nations by prescription,” warned the Algerian president about the memorial files.
With the approach of the 60th anniversary of the independence of Algeria (July 5, 1962), French President Emmanuel Macron has undertaken in recent months a series of “symbolic acts” in order to “reconcile memories” between French and Algerians .
>> To read: The Evian agreements, historical framework of France-Algeria relations
Last July, France handed over to Algiers 24 skulls of nationalist fighters killed at the start of colonization in the 19th century, which were stored in Paris.
In addition, Emmanuel Macron recently acknowledged “in the name of France”, that the lawyer and nationalist leader Ali Boumendjel had been “tortured and assassinated” by the French army during the Battle of Algiers in 1957. An assassination disguised as the time in suicide.
Finally, the French president has decided to facilitate access to classified archives over 50 years old, especially those on the Algerian war, without the slightest reciprocity so far on the Algerian side.
>> To read: Declassification of archives over 50 years old: not everything is unlocked for historians
In his message, the Algerian head of state praised “the important steps taken and positive signs, in particular thanks to the recovery of the Archives and the skulls symbols of the Popular Resistance”.
“Our attachment to the preservation of our history and our memory will remain at the heart of our priorities”, he promised, stressing “the responsibility of the State in taking charge of this file, with all seriousness. and assiduity which is essential “.
Emmanuel Macron’s actions are part of the recommendations of historian Benjamin Stora in a report he submitted in January to the French president with the aim of “reconciling memories” and “looking history in the face”.
>> To read: Apologies, reparations: the Stora report on Algeria arouses eternal friction
But during a conference on Friday, the director general of the Algerian National Archives Abdelmadjid Chikhi – the alter ego of Benjamin Stora in Algiers – called on researchers and historians to “move away from the French school in historical research by adopting a real analytical approach to lift the veil on all truths, “according to the official APS agency.
Emmanuel Macron and Abdelmadjid Tebboune are committed to working together on the memory issue.
Among the files that the Algerian authorities want to put back on the table are the question of the “disappeared” during the war of independence – more than 2,200, according to Algiers – and that of French nuclear tests in the Algerian Sahara.
Europeans were also reported missing during the conflict.
>> To see: Sister of Larbi Ben M’hidi: “France must apologize for its crimes in Algeria”
In the February edition of the influential review of the Ministry of Defense, El Djeich, a senior Algerian military official said that the delivery by France of maps for the location of “nuclear remains” is “a right that The Algerian state is making strong demands, without forgetting the issue of compensation for Algerian victims of the trials “.
France, which colonized Algeria from 1830 to 1962, carried out a total of 17 nuclear tests in the Algerian Sahara between 1960 and 1966, on the sites of Reggane and then of In Ekker.
Eleven of them, all underground, are subsequent to the Evian Agreements of 1962, which confirmed the independence of Algeria but a clause allowed France to use the sites of the Sahara until 1967.
Source site www.france24.com