People with inflammatory bowel disease often also suffer from depressive and anxiety symptoms, recent research shows. The symptom is common, especially in patients with active intestinal disease.
The findings are based on data from 77 studies and 30,000 patients, and show that anxiety symptoms and depression occur in 25% of those with inflammatory bowel disease. Symptoms were more common in patients with Crohn’s disease than in those with ulcerative colitis. Women were also at greater risk of depression and anxiety than men.
The numbers were even higher in patients with active bowel disease symptom. Of these, 58 percent suffered from anxiety and 39 percent from depression.
Depression and anxiety can be caused by the chronic symptoms of intestinal diseases and their detrimental quality of life. There are also indications that intestinal diseases may affect mood through the intestinal brain axis.
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the most important inflammatory bowel diseases. Crohn’s disease is a long-term and easily recurring disease that causes abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, weight loss, and fever, among other things. About 500 Finns get sick every year.
Ulcerative colitis, or ulcerative colitis is caused by long-term illness of unknown cause, involving the intestinal ulcers and infections cause bleeding and pain in.
The study was published Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology -in leaf.
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