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In Libya, the head of the transitional government Abdelhamid Dbeibah is sworn in

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                Libyan Prime Minister Abdelhamid Dbeibah, responsible for organizing the transition until the elections scheduled for December, was sworn in on Monday at the provisional seat of Parliament in the city of Tobruk.  On February 5, he was appointed interim prime minister by 75 Libyan officials under the auspices of the UN.

                                    <p>Prime Minister Abdelhamid Dbeibah, who must manage the transition in Libya until the elections scheduled for December, was sworn in on Monday March 15, more than a month after his appointment as part of a UN-sponsored political process to get the country out of a decade of chaos.

Abdelhamid Dbeibah and his ministers vowed “to preserve the unity, security and integrity” of Libya, during this ceremony at the provisional seat of Parliament, installed in 2014 in the port city of Tobruk located some 1,300 kilometers east of the capital Tripoli.

The deputies began to join the room at around 11 a.m. (9 a.m. GMT), awaiting the arrival of the presidential plane from Misrata, a city in the west of the country.

Several ambassadors as well as the president of the Parliament, Aguila Saleh, attended the ceremony, while an important security device was deployed in the city.

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What represents the realization of an unprecedented political breakthrough since 2014 was initially to be held in Benghazi, cradle of the revolt that led to the fall of the regime of Muammar Gadhafi in 2011, before being relocated to Tobruk for “logistical” considerations. .

>> To read also: “Revolution in Libya: ‘The situation is much worse than ten years ago'”

After years of stalemate in a country divided into two camps (one in the east, the other in the west), 61-year-old Abdelhamid Dbeibah was appointed interim prime minister on February 5 by 75 officials Libyans of all stripes gathered in Geneva under the aegis of the UN, at the same time as a Presidential Council of three members.

A government “representative of all Libyans”

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His national unity government won a “historic” vote of confidence from deputies on Wednesday.

It replaces both the Government of National Unity (GNA) of Fayez al-Sarraj, installed in 2016 in the West and recognized by the UN, and the parallel cabinet of Abdallah al-Theni (not recognized by the international community ), based in Cyrenaica, a region controlled de facto by the forces of Marshal Khalifa Haftar. Fayez al-Sarraj and Abdallah al-Theni were absent during the ceremony.

He is responsible for unifying the country’s institutions and ensuring the transition until the elections of December 24, when his mission should theoretically end.

>> To see: “Libya: a missed decade?”

Wanting to be “representative of all Libyans”, the Dbeibah government is made up of two deputy prime ministers, 26 ministers and six ministers of state.

Five ministries including two sovereigns, Foreign Affairs and Justice, have been awarded to women, a first for this country of some 7 million inhabitants.

Abdelhamid Dbeibah, a notable of the port and merchant city of Misrata, without a clear ideological line, was best known for having occupied positions of responsibility under Gaddafi. Known to be close to Turkey, he appeared to be an outsider in the face of the caciques of local Libyan politics at the Geneva meetings, where suspicions of corruption marred the process that led to his appointment.

Get the country out of chaos

The new leader held a meeting at the prime minister’s office in Tripoli on Saturday and inaugurated a national conference on the fight against the coronavirus, promising to remedy mismanagement of the pandemic.

On the same day, he ordered investment firms and other financial institutions to freeze all transactions until further notice.

But the challenges remain colossal after 42 years of dictatorship and a decade of violence after the international military intervention in March 2011 under the umbrella of NATO and concluded in October of the same year with the death of “Guide” Gaddafi, hunted down. even in his stronghold of Sirte.

Despite the end of the fighting between the two Libyan camps in the summer of 2020, followed by the signing of a ceasefire agreement in October, Libya remains undermined by struggles for influence, the weight of the militias and the presence of foreign mercenaries, as well as by corruption.

Infrastructure is flat, services failing and people very impoverished in a country with the most abundant oil reserves in Africa.

The new government is expected at the turn in the face of the pressing expectations of a population whose daily life is punctuated by power cuts, liquidity shortages and inflation.

Abdelhamid Dbeibah will also have to ensure the departure of the 20,000 mercenaries and foreign fighters still stationed in Libya. The UN Security Council on Friday demanded “the withdrawal without further delay of all foreign forces and mercenaries from Libya”.

With AFP


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