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The former Madagascan head of state, Didier Ratsiraka, died this Sunday morning March 28 at the age of 84. The announcement was made on his Facebook page. He had been president of Madagascar twice, from 1975 to 1993, then from 1997 to 2002. The naval officer, nicknamed "the Red Admiral" for his socialist policies, had been hospitalized at the beginning of the week for a routine check-up. . </p><div> <p><span><span><span>He is an emblematic figure of <strong>the Big Island </strong>which died out. Didier Ratsiraka, originally from Vatomandry, on the east coast of the country, was the head of state for 21 years.</span></span></span>
A naval officer, he entered politics as a soldier in 1972 during a transitional regime. At 36, he then became Minister of Foreign Affairs. It is Tkings later that he was brought to the head of the country by a military directory. He then had the Charter of the Socialist Revolution and the Constitution of the Second Republic adopted by referendum in his capacity as Head of State.
This close to Fidel Castro then sets up the Malgachization of education and the names of cities and a socialist policy. A policy which turns out to be ultimately an economic and social failure.
► Read also : Didier Ratsiraka, former Malagasy president, “comrade” of Fidel Castro
Post-electoral crisis and exile in France
In 1991, he accepted the liberal transition, demanded by Albert Zafy, who succeeded him as head of state. But the Red Admiral was re-elected four years later and at the end of this mandate, a post-electoral crisis forced him to go into exile in France for nine years.
Since his return and until very recently, he was active in Malagasy politics and was regularly invited to television sets to deliver his analyzes.
► To listen: Madagascar: Cécile Lavrard-Meyer and the confessions of Didier Ratsiraka
Source site www.rfi.fr