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Everything you need to know about vaccination with AstraZeneca


Sunday, March 28, 2021 – 11:56

With all the controversy surrounding the AstraZeneca vaccine, there are many questions people are asking, especially about clotting problems. For this reason, Health has published a document in which it answers several of these questions.

Illustration by LUIS PAREJO

Once the vaccination process with AstraZeneca has resumed, there are around one million people in our country awaiting their second dose. Many of them are mired in a sea of ​​doubts and the same happens with those who are going to be vaccinated for the first time in the next few days. Do you have to take any special precautions? Should I take a blood thinner? Will my usual medication interfere with the vaccine?

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Given the endless hoaxes and misinformation about vaccination with AstraZeneca, the Ministry of Health has published a document answering the ‘million dollar questions’. These are the main ones:

Do I have to take any precautions if I have already been vaccinated? Is it indicated to administer any medication to prevent clots?

No, after vaccination it is not necessary to take particular measures. Given the rumors, it should be clarified that do not self-medicate with anticoagulants or antiplatelet agents to prevent the appearance of thrombi. Ah! And with Aspirin either, no matter how much this recommendation runs like gunpowder in WhatsApp groups. We must be calm because it is not appropriate to undergo specific tests “just in case” or any type of medical follow-up. Although last week the Ministry of Health considered it prudent to suspend vaccination for a few days (this is proof that pharmacovigilance mechanisms work), we have good news: in vaccinated people, no association with an increased global risk of events has been found. thromboembolic. In summary and in clear Spanish: if we are already vaccinated we should not be afraid of clots appearing and it is not necessary to do anything special.

If I get vaccinated and I have a fever, should I see my doctor?

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It is common that after the administration of the AstraZeneca vaccine (and also other vaccines against coronavirus) appear mild reactions such as local pain, chills, muscle aches, headache, malaise, and including fever or low-grade fever. These reactions can be treated with paracetamol and usually disappear within a few days. The next good news is that you do not have to rush to the emergency room because fever or pain appears since this is within normality. Only in the event that the discomfort persists or other alarm symptoms exist, should a doctor be consulted.

If I have a headache after vaccination, do I have to go to the emergency room?

As we mentioned in the previous section, both headaches and discomfort, fever, myalgia … even nausea and vomiting, are frequent after the AstraZeneca vaccination. At first these inconveniences will be solved with the help of an old friend of being at home, paracetamol. And also with the passage of time (luckily in a few days). However, in the event that during the 14 days following the vaccination an intense and persistent headache appears, pain that increases with movement and when lying down, as well as petechiae (little red spots or spots on the skin) and bruises outside the injection site, I know it is wise to see a doctor.

Should I stop taking oral contraceptives if I have received the AstraZeneca vaccine or if I am going to receive it in the next few days?

It is one of the great concerns among women who drink the pill And the answer is no. There are no reasons to stop taking oral contraceptives before or after vaccination with AstraZeneca. Without a doubt, this is other good news.

Can I get vaccinated if I have blood clotting problems, a personal or family history of thrombocytopenia (low platelets), or risk factors for thrombosis?

S. To date, no factors have been found that predispose or contribute to the development of this adverse event. Therefore, there is no reason for people with a family history or bleeding problems to take special measures or stop getting vaccinated. This is more good news. There are already a few.

If I have already received one dose of AstraZeneca vaccine, will I be able to get the second?

Yes, not only can it be is desirable to achieve maximum protection offered by the vaccine. In Spain, the first doses with AstraZeneca were administered on February 6. As the recommended interval between the first and second dose is 10-12 weeks, the second dose has not yet started. That is, this ‘stop’ has not affected the second doses that will be administered later, “when it is their turn” to each one.

Will they give me a different vaccine if I was already scheduled?

No. If you belong to a group that was scheduled to be vaccinated with AstraZeneca, there are no plans to use other vaccines. The benefit of the AstraZeneca vaccine in preventing hospitalization and death from Covid-19 is higher than the possible risk of occurrence of these thromboembolic events. Something that, as we have commented, is very rare. Therefore, since the benefits far outweigh the low risk, vaccination with AstraZeneca is resumed.

Remember: achieving high vaccination rates quickly is the best way to control the virus. Therefore, there are no first, second or third vaccines. The best vaccine is the one we can get here and now.

According to the criteria of

The Trust Project

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Source site www.elmundo.es

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