The planned restrictions on movement include many exceptions to allow movement.
Corona epidemic Restrictions on movement designed to curb raise many questions about what is and is not allowed.
The restrictions would currently apply to Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo, Kauniainen and Turku. The planned movement restrictions also include exceptions, which you can read more about from here.
The IS collected questions and answers about restrictions on movement and what everyday things would be likely to be allowed during the restrictions in light of current information.
1. What is allowed to buy during the restrictions?
It is permissible to acquire supplies necessary for your personal life. These include, but are not limited to, food, food, medicine, fuel, or other similar supplies.
Undersecretary Timo Lankisen for example, staying in shopping malls or moving to specialty stores to get goods is not legal. What is crucial is the purpose for which the trip is made.
– It is not necessary to go to buy decorative items, but it is understood that if you have made a trip to get food and at the same time take a decorative item with you, then of course it is quite possible.
2. Can I go shopping in sports shops or clothing stores, for example?
Dealing would be more limited, and the need to buy must be necessary. Professor Matti Tolvanen in its view, it would be a necessary and therefore permissible acquisition if, for example, running shoes or trousers break down or need warmer clothing.
3. Can I visit Alko?
Yes. Alcohol is also read as food in the presentation.
4. Is picking up takeaway food from a restaurant that offers it considered a necessary grocery store trip?
Professor Tolvanen would equate applying for takeaway food to a grocery store. In his view, take-away food sales would be allowed.
5. Can I pick up a package from the post office or do business at the bank?
Doing business at the bank and picking up and sending mail and other items would be allowed.
6. Can I see a doctor?
Yes. Movement is permitted for the use of health or social care services or other official matters requiring the presence of the presence.
7. Can I go to the barber shop? What about a masseuse, for example?
There is ambiguity about these. According to Tolvanen, a visit to a barber or hairdresser would probably not sit under the permitted exceptions, but a visit to a masseur could, in certain cases, be part of essential health services.
8. Can a sick pet be taken to a veterinarian?
Yes you can. According to the proposal, the right to movement exists if an animal under its own responsibility requires care.
9. Is it possible to visit a service center if the car breaks down?
You may need a car to travel, for example, for work or your own business. For this reason, Professor Tolvanen would believe that car maintenance is permissible and falls into the same category as refueling.
10. Can I exercise outdoors?
Saa, but in a small group. For fitness purposes, outdoor activities are allowed in the family circle or with up to two other people. It would be permissible to walk the dog, taking into account safety intervals.
11. Do children get to play outside together, but can the parents of the children watch over them?
Children born in 2008 and beyond would still be able to go outside and play outside with other children. According to Professor Tolvanen, every parent has the right and duty to supervise their own child, and someone must supervise the children.
– I would consider that the guardian’s responsibility for the dependent goes beyond the limits.
12. Can I attend church or other spiritual occasions?
Attending church, for example in the form of worship, would probably be forbidden during movement restrictions.
However, the exceptions recorded in the draft motion allow for an individual, pastoral meeting with a representative of a religious community.
13. Can I visit an old relative in need?
Yes you can. The need for care of a close person, the fulfillment of the need for assistance and support of a disabled person or any other compelling compelling reason shall be an acceptable ground for movement.
14. Can I visit a spouse or child living at a different address?
Weather. Movement due to an established relationship is considered to be a serious reason.
Movement to fulfill a child’s need for help and support or visitation rights is also listed as permitted.
15. Can I go to the cottage?
It would be permissible to move into a holiday home that you own or are in permanent control. The cottage should therefore be self-owned or in long-term use, and it would not be allowed to rent cottages for short periods outside the restricted areas. You can go to your own cottage with a family member.
16. When would the restrictions start and how long would they last?
It is not yet certain that the government’s proposal to restrict movement will come into force, at least as such. It has been estimated from parliamentary sources that the law on restrictions on movement will hardly come into force before Easter. According to one estimate, the proposal could be passed through Parliament and approved by the President on the Tuesday after Easter. Restrictions could be in place for three weeks at a time.
17. How are mobility restrictions enforced?
According to the bill, at the request of the police, a person must provide an explanation of the destination and purpose of his or her movement and the separately regulated grounds for him or her to deviate from the prescribed restrictions.
18. What penalty could be followed for a breach of the restrictions?
Violation of movement restrictions and mask compulsion would result in a fine. Violation of the movement restriction may result in a fine and a fine of 40 euros for non-use of the face mask.
The sources used were comments on the draft proposal of the Prime Minister’s Office, statements made by Undersecretary of State Timo Lankinen at the press conference, and interpretations by Matti Tolvanen, Professor of Criminal and Procedural Law.
Professor: Regulations must be precise
Professor of Criminal and Procedural Law at the University of Eastern Finland Matti Tolvanen according to the above examples show that it is difficult to define exceptions.
– Life is so rich that it is quite difficult to fit everything even necessary into the list in point 12. But, as has been said, this problem is eliminated by the fact that the police will not, of course, intervene, at least in cases of interpretation.
Police said they were preparing for the entry into force of restrictions on movement due to the coronavirus situation. Surveillance would be carried out with available police resources and the aim would be to ensure that restrictions are complied with as fully as possible. For the control of movement restrictions, it should not be requested to seek official assistance from other authorities, although provision has been made for this.
Tolvanen does not believe that compliance with the restrictions can be monitored in practice.
– No one imagines that the police will start to monitor compliance very effectively.
– If a person says that he is going to the grocery store, the police have to believe. Not enough police resources to investigate, it is impossible to control. For example, if you visit a shopping center, it is impossible to find out if the person would also visit a barber shop, for example.
According to Tolvanen, the regulation of movement restrictions is based on the fact that people are believed to comply with them. The police can intervene on a random basis or in extreme situations.
– Although this is provided for in the form of coercion or obligation, as the Prime Minister has said, it is assumed here that the majority of people want to comply with it and be obedient to the law. This is where people’s obedience to the law is appealed and good so. On the other hand, it is also good to have the possibility of a sanction, which can then intervene if someone, on terms, wants to break restrictions on movement.
According to Tolvanen, the draft proposal currently leaves a lot of room for interpretation.
– The Committee on Constitutional Affairs will certainly take a position on this in its assessment. It is good to consider whether this is precise enough. Especially when there is a financial threat here as well. Legislation that makes it possible to impose a fine must be precise under criminal law.
According to Tolvanen, the processing may take longer than expected.
– I do not see this as a problem from the point of view of restricting fundamental rights. The bigger problem is whether the regulations will be made precise enough. If acts are sanctioned, it must be sufficiently precise to define what is permissible and what is prohibited.
Source site www.is.fi