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Bable and Aragons follow the path of linguistic officiality


Saturday, March 20, 2021 – 01:50

Socialists already sponsor them as co-official languages ​​at the expense of statutory reforms that raise their rank

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Adolfo Surez (right) congratulates Xabier Arzalluz, after ratifying the Basque Statute and recognizing Basque as a co-official language, in 1979.
EUROPA PRESS

Bable and Aragons have taken a crucial step on their way to being considered co-official languages ​​after the Congress of Deputies has urged the Government to promote statutory reforms in Asturias and Aragn to give them legal recognition. They would thus, in protection, promotion and rights, at the same rank that Galician (Galicia), Euskera (Basque Country and part of Navarra), Catalan (Catalonia and the Balearic Islands), Valencian (Valencian Community) and the arans

(Catalua). The demand reached the Lower House with the impulse of

United we can

and nationalist and independentist parties, within the initiative by which it was requested, among other points, to end the legal “imposition” of Castilian at the state level. This

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proposal

, promoted by

eh Bildu

and supported by

ERC

, the

CUP

,

BNG

,

JxCat

, the

PdeCAT

, the

PNV

,

Comproms

,

Ms No

and United We Can, did not achieve the approval of the plenary session. However, the

PSOE

He asked to carry out the parliamentary vote on points to carry out the proposals on the bable and the aragons. The impulse of the bable is one of the characteristics of the socialists in the Principality of Asturias in recent years. The leader of training at the regional level and current president of Asturias,

Adrin Barbn

, took a political turn in 2017 that placed the protection and recognition of Bable as a co-official language in the region among the main objectives of the training.

A path outlined in the Constitution

In

Aragn

, the also socialist

Javier Lambn

has promoted in recent times the use of aragons. According to the General Directorate of Linguistic Policy of Aragon, in 2017 there were between 30,000 and 50,000 potential speakers of Aragons, compared to 200,000 Asturians – almost 20% – who in that same year knew how to speak, read or write in Bable, according to the Academy. of the Asturian Language. In the III Sociolinguistic Survey of Asturias, that same organism calculates that in the 80s only 12% of the regional population knew Asturian, and now more than 60% handle it. The bable received this Thursday an added endorsement: the

constitutional Court

has sentenced that

can use

in the Asturian Parliament. The path that the Aragons and Bable are now taking is described in the Spanish Constitution itself. “The wealth of the different linguistic modalities of Spain is a cultural heritage that will be the object of special respect and protection”, reads the third section of article 3 of the Magna Carta, which specifies that Spanish is the official language of the State. and that “the other Spanish languages ​​will also be official in the respective autonomous communities in accordance with their Statutes”, approved by them in the context of the Transition and modified over the last four decades.

The co-official languages

This constitutional provision was thus incorporated into the autonomous regulations. Basque and Catalan were the first to be considered official in their territories, with the approval of two statutes on December 18, 1979. On April 6, 1981, Galician did so and in July 1982, the Statute of Autonomy of the Valencian Community recognized the co-officiality of Spanish and Valencian in this territory. That same summer, the Law for the Improvement of the Foral Regime of Navarra specifies that in the Basque-speaking areas of the autonomous region, Basque will be co-official. Already in 1983, the Balearic statute endowed Catalan with this rank in the islands. In the 2006 reform of the Catalan statute, Aran was included as a co-official language throughout Catalonia. Now, the Congress of Deputies, after giving the green light to this initiative, asks the Government of

Pedro Sanchez

to promote the statutory reforms necessary to raise the linguistic rank of Bable and Aragons, turning them into co-official languages ​​in their territories.

The autonomous statutes

In the Statute of Autonomy of Asturias, published in 1981, one of the powers of the Principality is that of “promoting and protecting the bable in its various variants which, as linguistic modalities, are used in the” Asturian territory. Similarly, in the Statute of Autonomy of Aragon, which came into being in 1982, it is explained that, by law of the Autonomous Courts, the protection, recovery, teaching, promotion and dissemination of the linguistic heritage of Aragon will be “promoted, and to favor, in the areas of predominant use, the use of the own languages ​​in the relations of the citizens with the Aragonese public administrations “. The various linguistic modalities of Aragon, it is explained in the text, constitute “one of the most outstanding manifestations of the Aragonese historical and cultural heritage”, as well as “a social value of respect, coexistence and understanding” in the region.

Asturias, the change in 2021

The

empujn

that needed the bable arrived in 2017 with the turn that the Asturian PSOE adopted by Adrin Barbn compared to that of his predecessor,

Javier Fernndez

. The secretary general at the regional level put the linguistic apparatus among the main priorities of training in the Asturian enclave, and generated an internal debate among the socialist ranks about what the party’s position should be with respect to the bable.

The discussion even reached Ferraz, where the narrative finally prevailed.

sanchista

, of which Barbn was a part. The new approach to bable coincides with the position of Podemos and Izquierda Unida in Asturias: trying to achieve the co-officiality of the language in the image and similarity of what has happened in other bilingual autonomies for years.

However, the process to achieve it is not an easy path. The autonomous parliament is the one who must approve the reform of the autonomy statute, which is where the officiality of languages ​​is collected. There, it is necessary to achieve a majority of three fifths of the General Meeting of the Principality to adopt the change.

Barbn, already as president of the Principality of Asturias, has recently shown his desire that before the end of the year, and if the problems derived from the coronavirus pandemic allow it, the statutory reform be approached in a “friendly” way.

A change that will not be “very broad” or “radical” and that will give way to the co-officiality between Castilian and Bable, a claim that has already been around for four decades.

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