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Born in 1912 in London, Alan Turing is known to have participated in the decryption of the Enigma machine, used by the Germans during the Second World War, a feat of arms recounted in the film Imitation Game.
He also played “a pivotal role” in the development of the first computers, when he worked at the National Physical Laboratory, then at the University of Manchester, recalled the Governor of the Bank of England, Andrew Bailey.
During his research, he questioned himself about artificial intelligence and gave birth to the Turing test, which proposes to test the intelligence of a machine by having it converse in writing with a human being.
The genius scientist was “homosexual, and was treated very badly as a result”, also recalled Andrew Bailey. Alan Turing was convicted in 1952 of “indecency” after having intercourse with a man, then underwent chemical castration for a period of one year. He died in 1954, poisoned with cyanide. The autopsy concluded in suicide.
Source site www.francetvinfo.fr