Tobacco, partial activity, unemployment benefits … What changes on July 1


Like every beginning of the month, July 1 is marked by a series of changes that can have an impact on the daily life of French people.

Although it marks the start of the summer period, the month of July will not be spared from the traditional changes at the beginning of the month. Thus, several measures will come into force from Wednesday with, in most cases, affecting the portfolio of the French. Overview.

> “Long-term” partial unemployment

In addition to traditional short-time working, a similar long-term system, called “reduced job-keeping activity”, will be introduced on July 1. This scheme, which lasts a maximum of two years, aims to help companies “faced with a reduction in sustainable activity which is not likely to jeopardize their sustainability” in return for commitments on employment.

It authorizes a reduction in working hours of up to 40%, provided that a majority collective agreement is concluded in the company or in the sector or by referendum in small companies.

If sufficient commitments are made on employment, the employee whose activity will be reduced may then receive 84% of his net salary and the company will be compensated at 85% of the indemnity paid to the employee (i.e. 15% of the rest dependent) for an agreement concluded before October 1, and 80% for an agreement concluded after. Training costs will also be covered up to 80%. The details of the classic partial unemployment scheme will be reviewed in October.

> The unemployment benefits revalued by 0.4%

Unemployment benefits will be increased by 0.4% on July 1, Unédic said. This revaluation concerns 92% of job seekers receiving unemployment insurance benefits as of July 1, 2020, i.e. around 3 million people.

The cost for the second half of 2020 and the year 2021 is 130 million euros according to Unédic. The minimum allowance thus increases to 29.38 euros per day, against 29.26 euros currently.

> The prices of certain cigarettes are going up

From Wednesday, some brands of cigarettes will see the price of the package of 20 units increase to 9.50 euros or 9.60 euros. Some packets of 30 and packets of roll-your-own tobacco will also have their prices increased. The Winston Xsphere, Camel Shift, Fortuna, News and even Fortuna are among the brands concerned.

This new increase is part of the government’s objective to gradually increase the average price of a pack of cigarettes to 10 euros by the end of 2020.

Note however that some references will see their price reduced by 10 cents. This is the case, for example, with the Winston Connect Blue and the Winston Connect Red.

> Slight rise in gas prices

Initially estimated at -5.1%, the fall in regulated gas prices in July will be only -0.3%. And for good reason, the government has decided to smooth over the coming months the reduction in prices applied by Engie, in order to avoid their too sudden rise, said the Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE).

“The health crisis has indeed resulted in a historic fall in natural gas prices in Europe, which could result in a catch-up and therefore an increase in prices at the end of the year. The smoothing mechanism limits the price increases that could occur in the last quarter, “added CRE.

> Learning

To preserve youth employment in a context marked by the health crisis, companies which will hire apprentices between July 1 and February 28 will receive state aid. They will amount to 5000 euros for minors and 8000 euros for adults. They will concern the hiring of people with a CAP and professional license.

This aid will be unconditional for companies with less than 250 employees and under conditions for companies with more than 250 employees (at least 5% of work-study students will be required by 2021). An apprentice will therefore not represent any cost (salary and social security contributions) until the age of 20.

> Generalization of payment of taxes and invoices among tobacconists

From July 1, payment of taxes or invoices in cash and by credit card with tobacconists will be generalized, in partnership with La Française des jeux.

This system has been tested in ten departments since the start of the year. According to the Directorate General of Public Finance (DGFiP), 2 million transactions could be carried out over a full year via this system for most of the invoices (hospital, canteens, crèche, etc.).

> New rent ceilings in Paris

New amounts for maximum rents will come into effect in the capital on Wednesday. The new ceilings are up 1.50% on average and will apply to housing leases signed from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021.

According to PAP, “the increase in the increased reference rent is variable according to the districts and the type of housing but is around 1 to 2%, or more often around 0.6 € / m² / month of increase on the 1st July 2020 ”. To find out in detail the maximum rental prices per district, an interactive map is available on this link.

> Exposure to waves: a display on radio equipment

The display of the specific absorption rate (SAR), an index indicating the power of the energy transported by electromagnetic waves and absorbed by the human body, will no longer be compulsory only for mobile phones.

From July 1, all radio equipment likely to be used near the human body (up to 20 centimeters) must highlight this information. This concerns for example tablets, connected watches or radio-controlled toys.

On October 21, 2019, ANSES (National Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety) indicated that exposure to a SAR level above 2W / kg could have biological effects on brain activity.

> Cap on PEA fees

The opening, maintenance, transaction and transfer costs of a share savings plan (PEA) or a share savings plan intended for the financing of SMEs and mid-caps (PEA-PME) will be capped from July 1st.

In detail, the opening costs will be limited to 10 euros and those for account keeping capped at 0.4% of the value of the securities held or the surrender value of the contract. The transaction costs (purchase or sale) will be 0.5% of the amount of the transaction if it is carried out online and 1.2% if it is carried out by another means.

Finally, the costs of transferring the PEA to another establishment will drop from 100 to 15 euros per line of securities held transferred.

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