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2020, a particularly deadly year for migrants


The year 2020 was “the deadliest” at the #Spanish borders, according to a report by the #Caminando #Fronteras association, which counted a total of at least 2,170 victims who lost their lives trying to reach #Europe via the ‘#Spain. #Monitoring the situation of migrants over a year marked in particular by the closure of borders due to the pandemic of the new coronavirus, the NGO indicates that this security reinforcement was nevertheless accompanied by deaths, which “increased by 143% compared to 2019 ”.

#In a different estimate from official #Spanish statistics showing a clear increase in arrivals at sea, #Caminando #Fronteras indicated that during this same period, these arrivals in #Spain “only increased by 28.7%”. #For the NGO, this figure corroborates “the fact that control policies have a drastic effect on mortality” more than on departures themselves.

#In addition, the strengthening of border controls in northern #Morocco, in addition to the closure linked to the state of health emergency, were factors leading to new migratory routes. #After 2006 marked by large numbers of departures from the southern coasts, then their decline for more than a decade, in 2020, the route to the #Canaries concentrated 85% of the victims who died at sea.

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The #Canary #Islands, a highly deadly migratory route

#In fact, 1,851 victims lost their lives in 45 shipwrecks while trying to reach the #Canary #Islands. #This heavy toll is followed by the road to #Algeria, where 231 people bound for #Spain died in a total of 23 shipwrecks. The #Alborán route was fatal for 62 migrants who died in 13 shipwrecks, while 26 nationals who used the #Detroit route died in 6 shipwrecks.

#By nationality, nationals of 15 countries died on the western #European border in 2020. #Deploring “a tragedy of international dimension”, #Caminando #Fronteras lists dead migrants from #Morocco, #Algeria, #Mauritania, #Senegal, #Guinea #Conakry, #Guinea #Bissau, #Gambia , #Cameroon, #Nigeria, #Democratic #Republic of #Congo, #Comoros, #Syria, #Bangladesh and #Sri #Lanka.

“For months, we have been denouncing the non-compliance with rescue protocols,” #Caminando #Fronteras recalled in this regard. A total of 33 boats were reported missing, “without anyone surviving to tell the story.” The NGO also indicates that “the vast majority of bodies disappear” and that only 4.2% of these victims have been found.

#Caminando #Fronteras emphasizes that these data have been cross-checked and synthesized through daily monitoring of departures from #Mediterranean countries on the south coast, especially in #Morocco. #This cross-referencing was carried out with a collective made up of migrant communities, rescue services, networks of migrant family members as well as human rights defenders.

#Along with this murderous toll, these same organizations reported that the summer of 2020 was also marked by an increase in the expulsions of migrants to #Morocco from the southern provinces. #In #October, local associative actors reported to #Yabiladi renewals which particularly concerned #Senegalese and #Guinean nationals, from #Dakhla airport. #This security tightening was observed in a context where the local #Canarian government called for strengthening control over departures at sea.





[ source link ]
https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/103801/maroc-espagne-2020-annee-meurtriere.html

#deadly #year #migrants

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