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2021 promises to be intense!


The great beginnings of #Crew #Dragon, samples of asteroids collected and for some brought back to #Earth, a rover sent to #Mars, a selection of astronauts to return to walk on the #Moon. #On the space exploration side at least, 2020 has been a good year. #And on paper, 2021 should be even better!

#For space exploration, 2021 promises to be an exceptional year! #Here is a small overview of the most anticipated events already.

#Perseverance takes to land on #Mars

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#In video, the sequence of the landing on #Mars of the #Perseverance rover on #February 18.

The first date to check off on the 2021 space exploration calendar is #February 18. The date #Perseverance, the rover from #Nasa, will finally arrive on #Mars, after more than six months of travel. #Its main mission: look for signs of life on the side of the #Jezero crater.

#Note that he also carries with him a tiny helicopter. #If NASA’s plan goes off without a hitch, #Ingenuity will soon become the first craft to fly on a planet other than #Earth.

#Still on #Mars, two premieres

#For the first time, missions launched by the #United #Arab #Emirates and #China will also reach the red planet in 2021. The first, called #Hope, from #February with the aim of studying theatmosphere and the weather of #Mars for a orbit equatorial. The second, #Tianwen-1, breaks down into an orbiter and a rover that will arrive there – in the region of#Utopia #Planitia, regarding the rover – #April 23, 2021.

#Several meetings with the #Moon

#In preparation for the return of men to the #Moon – planned by NASA from 2024 – several missions will leave this year in the direction of our natural satellite. The private mission #Peregrine #One – a sort of four-legged probe – will land on the north-eastern side of the moon’s visible face in #July 2021. #Objective: to test navigation and landing technologies. #And drop some of theADN by #Arthur C. #Clarke!

#In #October, it is #Luna 25 – 45 years after #Luna 24, the last #Russian mission to the #Moon – which will reach the #Boguslavsky crater, on the south pole side of our natural satellite. #With the aim, this time, to look for traces of water.

#Finally, note that at the very end of the year – and perhaps even finally at the beginning of the year 2022 -, #India will send its #Chandrayaan-3, also in the direction of the south pole of the #Moon.

#Objective moon !

#Another date to check off on the 2021 space exploration calendar, this day in #November 2021 during which the inaugural launch of the #Space #Launch #System (SLS) of NASA and #Boeing. The launcher the most powerful of all time. The machine that should propel the next astronauts who will leave for the #Moon as part of the #Artemis program. #For the #Moon and maybe even beyond …

#At the end of 2021, the rocket SLS must launch the ship #Orion – without an astronaut – to the #Moon to test some systems. #This will be the very first flight of the #Artemis program.

#SpaceX continues its conquest of space

#On the side of #SpaceX, expect in particular the launching of the #Starship, this spacecraft intended to transport both goods and passengers around the #Earth, but also to the #Moon and to #Mars.

The company of#Elon #Musk will also continue the launches of satellites de la constellation #Starlink.

#And at the end of the year, #SpaceX and #Axiom #Space should embark three tourists in the capsule #Crew #Dragon, direction #International space station (ISS). #Note that #Roscomos (#Russia) announced a similar project, building on its #Soyuz.

#In the course of the year, #SpaceX should also offer – with #Space #Adventures, this time – to four other tourists, the possibility of being placed in orbit, at an altitude two to three times higher than the ISS.

#Finally the launch of the #James #Webb space telescope?

The astronomers around the world have been waiting for it for years now. #After numerous delays – the instrument was originally scheduled to be put into orbit in 2007 – NASA has finally announced the #James #Webb #Space #Telescope #Launch for #October 31, 2021!

The instrument will therefore observe the#Universe in L’infrared. The researchers hope that it will provide them with information not only about the distant #Universe, about the galaxies and the black holes, but also on exoplanets and in particular, their habitability.

#Attention, asteroid in sight!

#At the end of #July, NASA will launch a device called #Dart — for #Double #Asteroid redirection #Test or #Double asteroid deviation test – towards the double asteroid #Didymos. #Objective: to crush the device on the celestial object in order to test our ability to redirect a potentially dangerous asteroid for our #Earth.

#For #Whom the #Bell #Tolls ?

The mission #Juno will come to an end on #July 16, 2021. #It will still have lasted 41 months longer than what NASA had envisaged. The machine will then be desorbed and will disintegrate in the atmosphere of #Jupiter.

#Two close flights of #Venus

#In #October 2021, NASA’s #Parker solar probe, on its way to our star, will approach only 3,786 kilometers from #Venus. The #Bepi #Colombo de l ‘probeTHAT, on the way to #Mercure, meanwhile, will graze #Venus at 552 kilometers on #August 10, 2021.

#Foundation stone for the #Chinese space station

#China has planned to launch, in the course of the year 2021, the central module of its future space station, a module called #Tian #He – galaxy, in #Chinese. #It should be fully functional by 2025.

#First light for the #Vera C. #Rubin observatory

The wide-field reflecting telescope at the #Vera C. #Rubin observatory (#Chile) will see its first light in 2021 and allow astronomers to capture 1,000 images every night.

The beginnings of space tourism

#He is the one who crossed the oceans in a hot air balloon and broke the record for crossing the #Atlantic by boat. #In 2021 – in principle, from the first quarter -, at 70, #Richard #Branson should embark on a space flight suborbital on board of #SpaceShipTwo of #Virgin #Galactic.

#Blue #Origin, for its part, announced the first manned flight of its spaceship #New #Shepard for the course of the year 2021. The machine is designed to travel to the frontiers of space and back, without being put into orbit.

#La menace #Apophis

The potentially dangerous asteroid #Apophis will make a close visit – still some 17 million kilometers – of #Earth in #March 2021. #This will be our last chance to observe the asteroid with radar imagery before its very close passage. in 2029. #It will then arrive within 31,000 kilometers of the #Earth, that is to say a tenth of the distance between the #Earth and the #Moon. #Apophis has an extremely low, but not zero, chance of hitting #Earth in 2068.

#Interested in what you just read?





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#promises #intense

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