Tuesday, January 26, 2021
Home Breaking News After four years of turbulence, Brexit is becoming reality in the UK

After four years of turbulence, Brexit is becoming reality in the UK


#Published on : #Modified :

#As of #December 31, midnight (#Brussels time), #Britons in the EU will be considered third country nationals. #After four years of bitter discussions to get out of this politico-economic union, the country is now entering a new era in a context of economic crisis.

The #British are opening a new chapter in their history. #After half a century of #European integration and four and a half years of a #Brexit saga with many twists and turns, the #United #Kingdom is living, #Thursday, #December 31, its last hours at the rate of #European rules in a context of deep crisis.

#At 11 p.m. local time and GMT (midnight in #Brussels), #Brexit becomes reality for the country, which officially left the EU on #January 31 but benefited from a transition period to cushion the shock.

#While a broad free trade agreement will prevent too abrupt a break-up, the free movement of goods and people alike to cross the border unimpeded will end.

- Advertisement -

#Customs

#Exporters and importers will have to fill out customs declarations and risk seeing their goods slowed down at the border by controls. #Financial companies, a major sector in #London, will lose their automatic right to offer their services in the EU and will have to establish themselves there in order to continue operating. #And UK universities will no longer be eligible for the #Erasmus exchange program.

“#This is not the end” but “the beginning of a wonderful relationship between the #United #Kingdom and our friends and partners of the #European #Union”, assured the #Prime #Minister, #Boris #Johnson, great architect of this exit, after initialing the document, raising both thumbs up in front of the lenses.

“The destiny of this great country now lies firmly in our hands,” he added later in the evening.

#Before the deputies a few hours earlier, he had praised a “new chapter” for the #United #Kingdom and expressed the hope that this course would make it possible “to move on to something else”.

The task promises to be delicate: business circles have not hidden their fears about the consequences of this upheaval and the #British are emerging from a divisive period.

#Painful process

#Since the referendum of 23 #June 2016, won at 51.9% by the “leave”, it will have taken three #Prime #Ministers, hours of heated nightly parliamentary debates in #Westminster and three postponements before the #United #Kingdom cast off for good.

#Like this painful process, it was not until #Christmas #Eve that the laborious trade negotiations finally resulted in a free trade agreement, leaving only a few days to implement its 1,246 pages.

The text was signed on #Wednesday by EU leaders and then, after a #Royal #Air #Force flight, by #Boris #Johnson. The two houses of the #British #Parliament adopted it by an express review the same day but MEPs will not vote until the first quarter of 2021, requiring provisional application.

#Much to the relief of whole swathes of highly connected economies, the EU is giving the UK duty-free and quota-free access to its market of 450 million consumers. #But it provides, to avoid any unfair competition, sanctions and compensatory measures in the event of non-compliance with its rules on state aid, the environment, labor law and taxation.

#Concerning fishing, a difficult subject until the last hours, the agreement provides for a transition period until #June 2026, at the end of which #European fishermen will have gradually given up 25% of their catches. A result that deeply disappointed #British fishermen, spearheads of #Brexit who hoped more from the promises of independence and regained sovereignty hammered out by #Boris #Johnson.

#Crisis

#London and #Brussels avoided in extremis the potentially devastating consequences of a “no deal”: long lines of trucks on the roads leading to cross-Channel ports, considerable costs for importers and respective waters closed to fishermen.

#It is therefore a victory for #Boris #Johnson, triumphant at the polls on the promise to achieve #Brexit, but since then put in difficulty by the #Covid-19 pandemic. #He did not need a new crisis: #British hospitals are on the verge of rupture and contaminations with the new coronavirus continue to soar. #Much of the population has been reconfigured, further clouding the outlook for an economy hit by its worst crisis in 300 years.

#Beyond the pandemic, the challenges are considerable for the government of #Boris #Johnson, which has promised to give the #United #Kingdom a new place in the world, summed up by the slogan “#Global #Britain”.

#However, he is preparing to lose a weighty ally with the departure of #Donald #Trump, a fervent supporter of #Brexit replaced in the #White #House by #Democrat #Joe #Biden, more #Europhile.

#Inside, he must bring together #Britons who have torn apart over #Brexit, to the point of seeing the country’s unity crack, with #Northern #Ireland and #Scotland having voted in majority against leaving the EU .

>> #To read: #When #Brexit and #Covid-19 give ground to grind #Scottish separatists

“There is now an empty seat at the table in #Europe. #It will not stay that way for long,” declared #Scottish independence MP #Ian #Blackford on #Wednesday, whose party, the SNP, is calling for a new self-determination referendum.

#What’s in the post-Brexit agreement between the EU and the UK. © france 24

#With AFP





[ source link ]
https://www.france24.com/fr/europe/20201231-apr%C3%A8s-quatre-ans-de-turbulences-le-brexit-devient-r%C3%A9alit%C3%A9-au-royaume-uni

#years #turbulence ##Brexit #reality

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

Recent Comments