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end of the UN mission in Darfur, fears of violence


The joint UN-African #Union peace mission in #Darfur on #Thursday ended a 13-year operation in this region of western #Sudan, a withdrawal that greatly worries its residents.

The conflict between forces loyal to the #Khartoum regime and the insurgents left some 300,000 dead and more than 2.5 million displaced, mainly during the first years, according to the #United #Nations.

UNAMID “will officially end its operations on #Thursday when the #Sudanese government takes over responsibility for the protection of civilians in the region,” UNAMID said in a statement #Wednesday.

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The withdrawal of some 8,000 members of the UN mission, military, police and civilians, is to be spread over a period of six months from #January.

The end of the mission, which began in 2007, comes despite an upsurge in tribal clashes in #Darfur, which left 15 more dead and dozens injured last week.

The inhabitants of the region have recently demonstrated against the withdrawal of UNAMID.

“The lives of #Darfuris are at stake, and the #United #Nations should reverse their decision,” protester #Mohamed #Abdelrahman told AFP on #Wednesday during a sit-in by hundreds at #Kalma IDP camp , in #Nyala, the capital of #South #Darfur.

– #Concerns –

#Around him, the demonstrators carried banners on which one could read: “#We trust the #United #Nations to protect the displaced persons” and “we reject the withdrawal of the UNAMID”.

#Othman #Abulkassem, another occupant of the #Kalma camp, believes that UNAMID was “often ineffective” in defending the inhabitants of #Darfur, but according to him the end of his mission will be “a big problem”.

“#If the protection of displaced persons becomes the responsibility of government forces, it will amount to handing the #Darfuris over to the forces which committed the massacres and rapes,” said #Intissar #Abdelhay, a 25-year-old resident of #Darfur.

#To fight the insurgents, the #Sudanese authorities had deployed the #Janjaweed, an armed militia composed mainly of #Arab nomads, accused of “ethnic cleansing” and rape.

#Thousands of militiamen were subsequently incorporated into the #Rapid #Support #Forces (RSF), a paramilitary group.

UNAMID tried to reassure the inhabitants of #Darfur.

The spokesperson for the mission in #Khartoum #Ashraf #Eissa said he understood their concerns but, he said, “the situation has greatly improved in recent years”.

“#It is now the responsibility of the transitional government and the #Sudanese people themselves to strengthen peace and security in #Darfur,” he told AFP.

#Power in #Khartoum assured that government troops would be deployed in the region to contain the violence.

The date of #December 31 was considered premature by #Western members of the UN #Security #Council, in the name of the protection of civilians.

– “#No complete peace” –

#After #Minuad, which numbered up to 16,000 men, the #United #Nations will remain in #Sudan via a #United #Nations #Integrated #Transition #Assistance #Mission in #Sudan (#Minuats).

#This political mission will have the task of assisting the transitional government, installed in #August 2019 and resulting from an agreement between the military and leaders of the protest movement which led to the dismissal of #President #Omar al-Bashir in #April 2019.

#It should also assist in the application of recent peace agreements in regions ravaged by conflict.

#Violence in #Darfur began in 2003 between pro-government forces and minority insurgents who accused the regime of #Omar al-Bashir of marginalizing the region.

The country’s ex-strongman and other officials are wanted by the #International #Criminal #Court (ICC) for “crimes against humanity” and “genocide” in connection with this conflict.

#Last #October, the transitional government signed a peace accord with several rebel groups including in #Darfur.

#But clashes continue over access to land and water, opposing nomadic #Arab herders and #Darfuri peasants.

“There is not yet complete peace in #Sudan,” laments #Mohamed #Hassan, who lives in #Kalma camp.



[ source link ]
https://www.medias24.com/filafp/afp-181909-soudan-fin-de-la-mission-de-l-onu-au-darfour-craintes-de-violences.html

#mission ##Darfur #fears #violence

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